The Brahmo Samaj emphasised human dignity, criticised idolatry and denounced social evils like sati. Moreover, the new educational system was wholly secular and therefore basically opposed to caste distinctions and the caste outlook. Bengalee, and others.
To the educated Indians, he said: So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyman a traitor, who having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them.
He graduated from the Scottish Church College and was well-versed in Western philosophy.
He also said that if religion did not sanction social reforms then religion should be changed, for after all religion was made by human beings and scriptures, written long ago, might not remain relevant to later times. It campaigned against orthodoxy in religion. At the same time, he was convinced of the superior approach of the Indian philosophical tradition.
Two negative aspects of the religious reform movements may also be noted. Annie Besant, an Irish woman who came to India inhelped the Theosophist movement to gain strength. InVivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission to carry on humanitarian relief and social work.
Motion is the sign of life.
The close connection between caste and vocation could hardly continue in a modern industrial society in which the profit motive was increasingly becoming dominant.