Social reforms india

The Brahmo Samaj emphasised human dignity, criticised idolatry and denounced social evils like sati. Moreover, the new educational system was wholly secular and therefore basically opposed to caste distinctions and the caste outlook. Bengalee, and others.

To the educated Indians, he said: So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyman a traitor, who having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them.

He graduated from the Scottish Church College and was well-versed in Western philosophy.

Ram mohan roy

A proper social climate has still to be created. Similarly an uncritical praise of the ancient period and religions could not be fully acceptable to persons coming from lower castes who had for centuries suffered under the most destructive caste oppression which had developed precisely during the ancient period. He looked upon it as a major instrument for the spread of modern ideas in the country. His brilliant speech on Hindu philosophy was well received. In he wrote Gift to Monotheism in Persian. Apart from the reform movements and individual reformers discussed above, there were numerous other similar movements and individuals during the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. He believed that every person had the right of direct access to God.

He also said that if religion did not sanction social reforms then religion should be changed, for after all religion was made by human beings and scriptures, written long ago, might not remain relevant to later times. It campaigned against orthodoxy in religion. At the same time, he was convinced of the superior approach of the Indian philosophical tradition.

social reform movements 19th century

Two negative aspects of the religious reform movements may also be noted. Annie Besant, an Irish woman who came to India inhelped the Theosophist movement to gain strength. InVivekananda founded the Ramakrishna Mission to carry on humanitarian relief and social work.

Motion is the sign of life.

list of religious reformers of india

The close connection between caste and vocation could hardly continue in a modern industrial society in which the profit motive was increasingly becoming dominant.

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Religious and Social Reform of India