Writing an academic reference examples for essays

How to write a reference list for a research paper

Use the heading references for your references. If you refer to musical works, television programmes, or pieces of art, check with your institution how this should be done. For particularly important points, or for parts of texts that you might wish to quote word for word, also include in your notes the specific page reference. There are a great number of signs that give plagiarized work away. Swedish Environmental Protection Agency, Stockholm. The title is capitalized. Not put in capital letters are words like and, in, or, or with. The reference starts with the name and initial of the author, the year in brackets, the title of the article in single speech marks not capitalized , followed by the name of the journal in italics capitalized , and further details. Capitalization is not very hard to achieve. They manage citations, and usually let you search libraries and journal databases. Pepsi can designs. London and New York: Routledge. For example: Peake, S. The examples given below are used to indicate the main principles.

When you use an image or a picture you did not create yourself, you must provide a citation and most often you have to get permission from the copyright holder to use the image.

Useful and flexible as they are, such software packages need some time to get used to. Don't take the risk, reference properly.

How to write reference in assignment

Emissions The seminars that are often a part of humanities courses can provide opportunities for students to develop the communication and interpersonal skills that are valued by employers Lyon, The reference therefore includes the name and initial of the author, the year of publication in brackets, the title in single speech marks, the name of the newspaper in italics capitalized , the date, and finally the page where the article was found. Chan, T. The same general principles apply to the referencing of all published sources, but for specific conventions consult your departmental handbook or your tutor, or look at the more detailed reference books listed in the Further reading section of this guide. The selective effects of antibiotics in soils. However, statements of general nature need not be attributed to anyone. Some styles put a comma between the two, others just a space: Franklin Switzerland seems to be the ideal place for studying the effects of direct democracy, since no other country has gone as far in terms of implementing such means Franklin, The date is important, because unlike printed works, web sites often change their content or even disappear. Rather than having the original works in front of you, try using your notes. For example: Anderson, C.

Where you just have no clue, there is no need to panic: simply put the word unknown instead of the year. The trick here is to add letters from the alphabet after the year to identify which of the works you refer to.

For example: Moser, P. The only rule governing formatting is the rule of consistency. Some readers find this unsatisfactory, since Weber surely did not publish anything this year. The name of the author is included in brackets, together with the year of publication. Your thesis statement can guide you within the entirety of your writing processes.

how to write references for a research paper

Marilyn Monroe.

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Referencing and bibliographies